Want To Learn How To Treat A Corn?
As Podiatrists, we see Corns and Calluses almost on a daily basis. They are an extremely common condition and can range from being completely painless to extremely painful, depending on severity. It is important to identify when you have a corn, so you can know how to treat your corn properly.
Oftentimes, improper treatment and diagnoses of corns lead to pain. We’ve put together this article to help you understand more about corns, and how to treat a corn properly. Read on to learn more.
What Are Corns?
Corns are buildups of hardened areas of skin. They can form anywhere but tend to show up on feet, hands, and fingers the most. They are usually round and relatively small, and you’ll most likely see them develop on the sides and tops of your toes. There are three distinct types of corns:
– Hard Corns: These are hard and dense, and usually form on the top of your toes, where your bones exert pressure on your skin. They usually reside within a bigger part of thickened skin.
– Soft Corns: Usually whitish-grey in colour, with a slightly softer and rubbery texture, soft corns show up between your toes.
– Seed Corns: As the name suggests, seed corns are quite small. They normally form at the bottom of your feet.
Corns usually develop due to constant rubbing, friction, pressure, and irritation against the skin. This is why you will most likely see them appear on the bony part of your feet. This hardening layer is actually your body’s defense to protect the softer skin underneath from the pressure.
What Causes Corns?
There are many reasons people develop corns. Such as:
– Wearing ill-fitting shoes, especially shoes that tend to be too narrow for your feet. When your shoes are too tight, it creates pressure on your toes from friction. This can lead to the development of corns and calluses. People who tend to wear high-heeled shoes a lot can also develop corns and calluses on the balls of their feet due to the pressure created while moving.
– Staying on your feet for long periods of time, such as running, walking, or standing.
– Activities that tend to put pressure on your feet, especially labour and sport activities.
– Walking around barefoot on hard surfaces.
– Not wearing socks with shoes.
– Wearing socks that bunch up or slip around.
– Improper posture while walking; can put excess pressure on the outer or inner edge of your feet.
– Activities that cause constant friction on your feet and fingers.
– Deformities in the structure of your feet. E.g. Hammertoes, bunions, and arthritis in feet.
If you do any of the above on a regular basis, you are highly likely to develop corns and calluses.
How Can A Foot Clinic Near Me Treat Diabetes?
Podiatry is a vital part of diabetic foot care in Beaconsfield that is sometimes neglected. Your diabetes care team should always include a podiatrist. They’ve been specifically educated to assess nerve damage in your feet and assist you in developing treatment and preventative strategies. They also pinpoint specific foot health problems for you!
Diabetes can have a significant impact on your feet, which is why it’s critical to consult a podiatrist at least once a year to address these issues.
When dealing with a corn, it’s important to rule out any other probable causes of thickened skin, like cysts and warts. Your podiatrist will take a close look at your feet and diagnose the issue properly. Depending on the severity, they may even recommend an X-Ray in case your corn has formed due to a physical abnormality in your foot.
How To Treat A Corn: Medical Remedies
You already know what causes corns. For the most part, when looking at how to treat a corn, one must try to avoid repetitive actions that cause extra friction that leads to the formation of corns. You can help reduce your corn by wearing well-fitting shoes, protective padding, and other self-care methods. In case your corn persists, your podiatrist will give you relief through the following medical treatments:
– Trimming: Your podiatrist will most likely use this method to trim or pare down a large corn. They’ll treat the thickened skin using a scalpel. You must never attempt to do this yourself, as it can lead to an infection if not done right.
– Medication: Your podiatrist may use medications to help treat the corn. They may apply a patch on the affected area, consisting of 40% salicylic acid. These patches are usually available over-the-counter (OTC), without a prescription. Your podiatrist will inform you on how to go about changing the patch, and how often. They may even recommend using a pumice stone, nail file, or emery board to gently scrub away the dead skin that remains, before re-patching it. They may even prescribe salicylic acid gels to put on larger affected areas.
– Shoe Inserts: In case your corn is caused by an underlying foot deformity, your podiatrist may prescribe show inserts for you. These are called “Orthotics” and are generally padded and custom-made to your specific needs. They will help prevent corns from forming in the future.
– Surgery: In the rare case that your corn is caused by improper bone alignment, your podiatrist may recommend surgery.
How To Treat a Corn: Home Remedies
If you’re wondering how to treat a corn at home, there are a few at-home remedies. If you suffer from circulation issues such as diabetes, contact your doctor before trying to treat your corn on your own.
If you don’t have any underlying health issues, here’s how to treat a corn at home:
-Soaking: Begin by soaking the affected area in a warm mix of soapy water. This will soften the corn, making it easier to get rid of the thickened skin.
-Thinning: After soaking the affected area, you can thin out the hardened skin. Make sure your corn is softened before attempting this. You can use an emery board, nail file, or pumice stone to gently rub away at the thickened skin. A washcloth will work just as well. Never use sharp objects to thin your corn away. Avoid using a pumice stone in case of diabetes.
-Moisturise: After doing the above, moisturize the area well. Make sure to use a non-scented and mild moisturized to avoid the risk of infection.
– Footwear: Make sure to wear comfortable socks and footwear. Your shoes must fit you well and be cushioned enough to not cause friction against the corn.
– OTC Pads: You can apply an OTC cushioning pad to protect the affected area. Avoid using OTC liquid corn removers. They contain salicylic acid, which needs to be applied with care. If done improperly, it can irritate healthy skin, cause inflammation, and lead to infections. This risk is increased in case you have a condition that causes poor blood flow, like diabetes.
We hope this article helped you understand how to treat a corn. If you think you need to visit a podiatrist, contact Bucks Foot Clinic. We can help you with all things foot-care related.